Shopping Cart
Your Cart is Empty
There was an error with PayPalClick here to try again
CelebrateThank you for your business!You should be receiving an order confirmation from Paypal shortly.Exit Shopping Cart

Cortez History

The Official Website of Mr. Cortez

Vista Heights Middle School

Study Guide - The Critical Period and Constitution Convention

1. What was the first constitution of the United States called?

The Articles of Confederation

3. How would you describe the Critical Period? When was it?

The Critical Period was the time period after the Revolutionary War, when the US constitution was the Articles of Confederation. The Critical Period ended in 1789, when the new US Constitution was ratified. The Critical Period was a time filled with problems, mostly due to the fact that the national government was weak, and the states had too much power.

10. What was the Great Compromise? (pgs 231-232)

Roger Sherman's "Great Compromise" (also called the Connecticut Compromise) solved the issue regarding representation in Congress. It created a bicameral legislature - a Senate and a House of Representation. Delegates to the Senate would be based on equal representation, each state sending two. The number of members sent by each state to the House would be based on population.

13. Who were the famous Federalists? Anti-Federalists?

Federalists: Washington, J. Adams, Madison, Franklin, Jay. Anti-Feds: Jefferson, S. Adams, Henry ?

15. What is a republic? (pg 222; 245)

A government where the people elect their representatives, and which is governed by the rule of law.

18. What does "democracy" mean?

A government where the people rule.

30. What nation’s Parliament was the model for our Congress?


31. How many members are in the House of Representatives today? The Senate?

House - 435 Congressmen; Senate - 100 Senators

32. How long is the term of a House member? A Senator?

House members serve 2 year terms; A Senator serves 6 year terms

33. How many members does each state send to the Senate? The House?

For the Senate, each state sends two elected members. For the House, it depends on the population.

34. Where does the Congress meet?

the Capitol Building

41. What are members of the US Supreme Court called?


44. What is an amendment?

a change or addition to the Constitution

47. Sorry, you have to answer this question yourself! (Use your notes on the amendments, but shorten your response)

48. Sorry, you have to answer this questions yourself! Find these amendments in your textbook.

The Constitutional Convention - 10/26/16

(1) 1787

(6) Philadelphia

(13) a

(15) c

The Critical Period - Per 4 - 10/26/16

Page 46C:

(1) Western

(10) public schools

Page 46D:

(1) True

(2) True

(9) False

The Declaration of Independence - Per 4 - 10/17/16

(1) c

(4) a. "large bodies of armed troops among us"

e. "to be tried for pretended offences"

Study Guide - The American Revolution

2. George Washington gained valuable experience; the colonists saw that they could fight as well as the British; France was booted from North America.

3. Franklin was encouraging the colonies to unite to fight the French, or else risk being conquered.

17. It was the first shot fired at Lexington on April 19, 1775. It started the Revolutionary War.

23. Guerilla warfare refers to quick hit-and-run tactics used during war.

24. "Common Sense" inspired many Americans to become patriots, and support the war effort.

29. The Battle of Yorktown

35. Leader of the Sons of Liberty; pushed for American independence; led the Boston Tea Party; member of the Continental Congress; known as "The Father of the Revolution"

38. Arnold was a tremendous soldier and general of the Continental Army and helped win the Battles of Saratoga. He later became a traitor, but his plan to deliver West Point to the British was foiled. 

43. James Otis

45. Paul Revere

49. Nathan Hale

50. John Paul Jones

Study Guide - Colonization of America 

Free Study Guide Answers:

5) As a soldier, Captain John Smith brought order, structure, and a strong work ethic to the Jamestown settlement in Virginia. He forced the settlers to farm and build sturdy homes, among other things. Tobacco became a "cash crop" and made the Virginia colony rich andsignificant, thus attracting more settlers and keeping them prosperous.

6) In addition to slavery, the colonies employed a system of indentured servitude. Under this system, poor Europeans could secure passage to the colonies if they agreed to work for a number of years on a plantation. These indentured servants often worked for years in miserable conditions to secure their freedom.

9) When the Pilgrims landed in 1620, they drafted the Mayflower Compact, a document that established Plimouth Plantation as a "civil body politic," under the sovereignty of King James I of England. Every man was required to sign it. More powerful in many ways than the House of Burgesses, the Mayflower Compact set up what some consider America's first true self-government (except for the self-governing Native Americans).

10) They were called "Separatists" because they wanted to separate from the Church of England.

12) William Bradford wrote "Of Plimoth Plantation"

14) a government where the people rule (through voting)

20) a written plan of government

25) Plymouth, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New Hampshire, and Connecticut (Plymouth becomes part of Massachusetts later

Colonial Government - 9/6/16

(1) law

(4) Great

(6) lawmaking

(11) monarch

Colonial Period: Trade and Commerce - 9/2/16

On the back (under map):

(1) England

(7) smuggling

(9) Philadelphia

(20) Triangular

The Pilgrims handout - 8/23/16

(1) b

(5) c

(8) John Smith

(11) a

(15) d

(16) F

Map Exercise: The Thirteen Colonies - 8/16/16 

For the "On the Map" section of tonight's homework, your textbook can help you find the location of the original thirteen colonies. (Page 102 has a nice map)

Here are some free answers for the back of the packet:

1) a

3) a

10) False

12) e

18) Armada


All students are required to have a school planner.

- Bible Study is every Monday and Thursday during second lunch in room C-1. Bibles are available.

- We're looking for students to participate in "Nintendo Memories" and "I'm Just Sayin'" ... Let me know if you're interested.

Visit Me on YouTube, Twitter, and Facebook!

Recent Blog Entries

Upcoming Events




A post shared by Cortez History (@cortezhistory) on

Lame Jokes

Q. What did the worker at the rubber band factory say when he lost his job?

A. Oh snap!

Q. What's black and white and red all over?

A. A bloody chessboard!

Q. What did the big bucket say to the little bucket?

A. You look a little pail!

Recent Photos

Site Visits

Chuck Norris Facts

Sharks have a week dedicated to Chuck Norris.

Chuck Norris will break the strings on your air guitar.

Chuck Norris once won the title of Iron Chef by cooking Instant Ramen Noodles!

Chuck Norris doesn't have to worry about keeping up with the Kardashians... he knows where they are at all times.

In Chuck Norris' wallet he keeps a photograph...of his wallet.

Chuck Norris sleeps with a pillow under his gun.

Those are not credits that roll at the end of Walker, Texas Ranger... those are fatalities that occurred during filming!

Chuck Norris can kick you with a punch.

Unlike a heart, Chuck Norris never stops beating.

Chuck Norris doesn't call the wrong number... you answer the wrong phone.

Chuck Norris's email address is [email protected]


Twitter Follow Button

Donate to Help Send Kids to the East Coast!