Shopping Cart
Your Cart is Empty
There was an error with PayPalClick here to try again
CelebrateThank you for your business!You should be receiving an order confirmation from Paypal shortly.Exit Shopping Cart

Cortez History

The Official Website of Mr. Cortez

Vista Heights Middle School

Reform Movements Packet 2/23/16

1. Democracy

4. terms

9. courts

12. citizens

13. vote

18. intelligently

20. public

21. crime

23. end

27. debt

Study Guide - Creation of a Country 11/18/15

What was the first constitution of the United States called? - the Articles of Confederation

How would you describe the Critical Period? When was it? - this was an era from 1781 to 1789 when the US was struggling in many ways, mostly due the fact that the Articles of Confederation was a weak governing document. The states were not unified and we were deep in debt as a country.

Who was the president of the Constitutional Convention? - George Washington

Who were the famous Federalists? Anti-Federalists? - Federalists = Hamilton, Madison, Washington, Franklin, and John Jay; Anti-Feds = Jefferson, George Mason, Sam Adams, Patrick Henry

What does “democracy” mean? - a government where the people rule

Who was the “Father of the Constitution”? - James Madison

How many Articles are in the Constitution? - 7

What are the six things that the Founders believed our government was built to do? - form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to future generations

What nation’s Parliament was the model for our Congress? - England

How many members are in the House of Representatives today? The Senate? 435 in the House; 100 in the Senate

How long is the term of a House member? A Senator? - House member serves for 2 year terms; Senator serves for 6 year terms

How many members does each state send to the Senate? The House? - each state sends TWO senators; the number of House members depends on a state's population

Where does the Congress meet? - in the Capitol Building in Washington, D.C.

What are members of the US Supreme Court called? - justices

What is an amendment? - a change or addition to the Constitution

What are the first ten amendments of the US Constitution and what do they mean? - The Bill of Rights protects citizens from an overly powerful federal government. the freedoms in the Bill of Rights range from freedom of religion, speech, and press, to the right a lawyer and a speedy trial.

What did the 13th and 15th amendments do? - 13th amendment abolished slavery; 15th amendment gave blacks the right to vote

Study Guide - The American Revolution 9/29/15

What happened at the Boston Massacre? - a group of colonists confronted multiple British soldiers in March 1775. Shots were fired and five Americans were killed. The Sons of Liberty used the incident to motivate people to further distrust the British authorities.

What happened at Lexington and Concord? - On April 19, 1775, colonists (minutemen) met hundreds of British soldiers in Lexington, and 8 Americans were killed. ("The Shot Heard 'Round the World") - Later than morning, those same British soldiers met more minutemen at Concord, and were forced to retreat back to Boston because of the strength of the colonial resistance

What was a Loyalist? - a colonist who wanted to remain British

What was the Continental Army? - this was the name of the official American army, led by General Washington

What was the Declaration of Independence? What are its most famous lines? Who wrote it? - the Dec of Indep is the official statement by the Second Continental Congress which declared to the world that the 13 colonies were now independent states, no longer ruled by England. It was written by Thomas Jefferson and edited by the Congress. Its most famous lines are in the 2nd section, which declare that "all men are created equal," and have rights given by the "Creator". Further, it declares that governments exist to protect the natural rights of the people.

What was the last major battle of the Revolutionary War? - The Battle (siege) of Yorktown

Samuel Adams - leader of the Sons of Liberty; the "Father of the Revolution;" planned the Boston Tea Party; member of the Continental Congress

"Taxation without representation is tyranny!" - James Otis

"There! I guess King George will be able to read that without his glasses!" - John Hancock

"I only regret that I have but one life to lose for my country." - Nathan Hale

"I have not yet begun to fight!" - John Paul Jones

The French and Indian War 9/8/15

(6) New France

(11) a

(16) True

The Puritans 8/24/15

(2) Puritans

(7) Salem

(13) Company

(15) charter

(18) farming

(26) Roger Williams

(33) Anne Hutchinson

(34) dancing

(40) husking bees

The Jamestown Settlement 8/18/15

(2) London Company

(5) King James I

(9) 1607

(13) English

(15) swamp

(23) Powhatan

(28) starving time

(35) indentured servants

(41) marry 


All students are required to have a school planner.

- Bible Study is every Monday and Thursday during second lunch in room C-1. Bibles are available.

- We're looking for students to participate in "Nintendo Memories" and "I'm Just Sayin'" ... Let me know if you're interested.

Visit Me on YouTube, Twitter, and Facebook!

Recent Blog Entries

Upcoming Events




A post shared by Cortez History (@cortezhistory) on

Lame Jokes

Q. What did the worker at the rubber band factory say when he lost his job?

A. Oh snap!

Q. What's black and white and red all over?

A. A bloody chessboard!

Q. What did the big bucket say to the little bucket?

A. You look a little pail!

Recent Photos

Site Visits

Chuck Norris Facts

Sharks have a week dedicated to Chuck Norris.

Chuck Norris will break the strings on your air guitar.

Chuck Norris once won the title of Iron Chef by cooking Instant Ramen Noodles!

Chuck Norris doesn't have to worry about keeping up with the Kardashians... he knows where they are at all times.

In Chuck Norris' wallet he keeps a photograph...of his wallet.

Chuck Norris sleeps with a pillow under his gun.

Those are not credits that roll at the end of Walker, Texas Ranger... those are fatalities that occurred during filming!

Chuck Norris can kick you with a punch.

Unlike a heart, Chuck Norris never stops beating.

Chuck Norris doesn't call the wrong number... you answer the wrong phone.

Chuck Norris's email address is [email protected]


Twitter Follow Button

Donate to Help Send Kids to the East Coast!